|The Dallas Cowboys
are a professional American football team in the Eastern Division of the National Football Conference (NFC) in the National Football League (NFL). They are headquarterd in the suburb of Irving, Texas which is between Fort Worth and Dallas. The team is scheduled to play its home games at Cowboys Stadium in Arlington beginning in the 2009 season.  The Cowboys joined the NFL as a 1960 expansion team.  The team's national following might best be represented by its NFL record of consecutive games in front of sold-out stadiums. The Cowboys' streak of 160 sold-out regular and post-season games began in 1990, and included 79 straight sellouts at their home, Texas Stadium, and 81 straight sell-outs on the road. 
An article from Forbes Magazine
, dated September 2, 2009, lists the Cowboys as the most valuable sports franchise in the United States, and second in the world (behind the United Kingdom's Manchester United), with an estimated value of approximately $1.65 billion, ahead of the Washington Redskins ($1.6 billion) and the New England Patriots ($1.361 billion).  They are also one of the wealthiest teams in the NFL, generating almost $269 million in annual revenue. 
The Cowboys have been one of the most successful teams of the modern era (since 1960). The team has won five Super Bowls and eight conference championships. The Cowboys have more victories (41) on Monday Night Football
than any other NFL team; the Miami Dolphins are second with 39 and the San Francisco 49ers are third with 38.  They hold NFL records for the most consecutive winning seasons (20, from 1966 to 1985) and most seasons with at least ten wins (25). The team has played in a league record of 56 post-season games (winning 32 of them), the most division titles with 20, the most appearances in the NFC Championship Game (14), and the most Super Bowl appearances (8). The Cowboys also played in two NFL championship games before the NFL's 1970 merger with the American Football League. The Cowboys became the first team in NFL history to win three Super Bowls in just four years (a feat that has been matched only once since, by the New England Patriots). They are second only to the Pittsburgh Steelers with most Super Bowl wins (tied with the San Francisco 49ers with five each). The Cowboys' success and popularity has earned them the nickname "America's Team". Before the 2008 season an ESPN's Page 2 statistical comparison of all teams since the AFL-NFL merger had the Cowboys narrowly beat out the Pittsburgh Steelers for the top of its Ultimate Power Ranking. 
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Originally, the formation of an NFL expansion team in Texas was met with strong opposition by Washington Redskins
owner George Preston Marshall
. This came as little surprise to the would-be Dallas team owners, Clint Murchison, Jr.
and Bedford Wynne
, for Marshall's Redskins had enjoyed a monopoly as the only NFL team to represent the Southern States of the US
for several decades. To ensure the birth of their expansion team, the men bought the rights to the Redskins fight song, "Hail to the Redskins
" and threatened to refuse to allow Marshall to play the song at games. Needing the song, which was a staple for his "professional football team of Dixie," Marshall capitulated, and the city of Dallas, Texas, was granted an NFL franchise on January 28, 1960. 
This early confrontation between the two franchises was an omen of what would become one of the more significant rivalries in the NFL
, which continues to this day. 
1960s and 1970s
The team was first known as the Dallas Steers
, then the Dallas Rangers
before settling on the name "Cowboys" for the 1960 season. The new Dallas owners, Murchison and Wynne, subsequently hired Tex Schramm
as general manager, Tom Landry
as head coach
, and Gil Brandt
as player personnel director. 
The team acquired players from existing franchises though in 1960 NFL Expansion Draft
. The Cowboys began play in the Cotton Bowl
in 1960 and finished winless in their first season with a record of 0–11–1 (with a tie vs the New York Giants
). They made their first regular NFL draft
selection the following year, choosing Texas Christian University defensive tackle Bob Lilly
with the 13th pick in the draft.
During the early and mid 1960s, the Cowboys gradually built a contender. Quarterback Don Meredith
was acquired in 1960, running back Don Perkins
, linebacker Chuck Howley
and Lilly were added in 1961, linebacker Lee Roy Jordan
in 1963, cornerback Mel Renfro
in 1964, and wide receiver Bob Hayes
in 1965. In 1966 the Cowboys posted their first winning record and playoff appearance (10–3–1, beginning an NFL-record 20 consecutive winning seasons), and sent eight players to the Pro Bowl
, including Hayes, Howley, Meredith, Perkins, Lilly and Renfro. The 1966 and 1967 seasons ended with dramatic losses of 34–27 and 21–17 respectively to the Green Bay Packers
in the NFL Championship Game
, the latter loss referred to as the Ice Bowl
game, the coldest weathered professional sports game in US history. The 1966 season would mark the start of an NFL-record-setting eight consecutive postseason appearances (The Cowboys later broke their own record with nine consecutive trips to the playoffs between 1975–1983).
The Cowboys established themselves in the Dallas community. The team competed for the affections of Dallasites with Lamar Hunt
's Dallas Texans
of the American Football League
(AFL). Although the AFL's Texans had a much better record than the NFL's Cowboys, in 1963 Hunt moved the Texans to Kansas City, Missouri
, where they became the Chiefs. By 1969, ground was being broken on a new stadium for the Cowboys to replace the Cotton Bowl. Texas Stadium in Irving, a Dallas suburb, was completed during the 1971 season.
Although Meredith and Perkins retired after the 1968 season, important new players joined the organization during the late 1960s and early 1970s, including offensive tackle Rayfield Wright
in 1967, quarterback Roger Staubach
, tight end Mike Ditka
, and running back Calvin Hill
in 1969, and cornerback Herb Adderly
, and safeties Cliff Harris
and Charlie Waters
in 1970. Led by quarterback Craig Morton
, the Cowboys made it to their first Super Bowl, a mistake-filled Super Bowl V
, where they lost 16-13 to the Baltimore Colts
on a field goal
by Colts' kicker Jim O'Brien with five seconds remaining in the contest. The Cowboys moved from the Cotton Bowl to Texas Stadium in week six of the 1971 season, won their last seven regular season games, and advanced through the playoffs to defeat the upstart Miami Dolphins, 24-3, in Super Bowl VI
, which remains the only Super Bowl in which a team held its opponent without a touchdown.
During the rest of the 1970s, the Cowboys grew in popularity, not just in Dallas, but nationwide. The Cowboys also continued to add new talent to their roster, including defensive ends Harvey Martin
and Ed "Too Tall" Jones
, wide receiver Drew Pearson
, and defensive tackle Randy White
and running back Tony Dorsett
. The fresh influx of talent helped the Cowboys win Super Bowl XII
and make appearances in Super Bowls X
. Dallas ended the 1970s as the winningest NFL team of the decade.
1980s and 1990s
became the Cowboys' starting quarterback in 1980 after quarterback Roger Staubach retired. White led the Cowboys to the playoffs five times and won two Division Championships. However, despite playing in the NFC Championship Game three consecutive years (1980–1982), the Cowboys did not reach the Super Bowl during the 1980s. In 1984, H.R. "Bum" Bright
purchased the Dallas Cowboys from Murchison. As the Cowboys suffered through progressively poorer seasons (from 10–6 in 1985 to 7–9 in 1986, 7–8 in 1987, and 3–13 in 1988), Bright became disenchanted with the team. During an embarrassing home loss to Atlanta in 1987, Bright told the media that he was "horrified" at Landry's play calling. Bright sold the Cowboys to Jerry Jones
on February 25, 1989.
Jones immediately fired Tom Landry, the only head coach in franchise history, replacing him with University of Miami
head coach Jimmy Johnson
. With the first pick in the draft, the Cowboys selected UCLA
quarterback Troy Aikman
. Later that same year, they would trade veteran running back Herschel Walker
to the Minnesota Vikings
for five veteran players and eight draft choices. Although the Cowboys finished the 1989 season with a 1–15 record, the worst record since the team's inception, "The Trade" later allowed Dallas to draft a number of impact players to rebuild the team.
Johnson quickly returned the Cowboys to the NFL's elite. Skillful drafts added fullback Daryl Johnston
and center Mark Stepnoski
in 1989, running back Emmitt Smith
in 1990, defensive tackle Russell Maryland
and offensive tackle Erik Williams
in 1991, and safety Darren Woodson
in 1992. The young talent joined holdovers from the Landry era such as wide receiver Michael Irvin
, guard Nate Newton
, linebacker Ken Norton Jr
, and offensive lineman Mark Tuinei
, and veteran pickups such as tight end Jay Novacek
and defensive end Charles Haley
. In 1992 Dallas set a team record for regular season wins with a 13–3 mark. In January 1993, only three years after their 1–15 season, the Cowboys earned their first Super Bowl trip in 14 seasons. Dallas defeated the Buffalo Bills
52–17 in Super Bowl XXVII
, during which they forced a record nine turnovers. Johnson became the first coach to claim a National Championship in college football and a Super Bowl victory in professional football. The following season, they again defeated the Buffalo Bills in Super Bowl XXVIII
, 30–13. The Cowboys sent a then-NFL record 11 players to the Pro Bowl in 1993: Aikman, safety Thomas Everett
, Irvin, Johnston, Maryland, Newton, Norton, Novacek, Smith, Stepnoski, and Williams.
Only weeks after Super Bowl XXVIII, however, friction between Johnson and Jones culminated in Johnson stunning the football world by announcing his resignation. Jones then hired former University of Oklahoma
head coach Barry Switzer
to replace Johnson. The Cowboys finished 12-4 in 1994, but missed the Super Bowl by losing to the San Francisco 49ers in the NFC Championship Game, 38-28. In 1995, Jones lured All-Pro cornerback Deion Sanders
away from San Francisco, and Dallas once again posted a 12-4 regular season record. The Cowboys defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers 27-17 at Sun Devil Stadium
in Super Bowl XXX
for their fifth world championship. Switzer joined Johnson as the only coaches to win a college football National Championship and a Super Bowl.
Yet the glory days of the Cowboys were again beginning to dim as free agency, age and injuries began taking their toll. The Cowboys went 6-10 in 1997, with discipline and off-field problems becoming major distractions. As a result, Switzer resigned as head coach in January 1998 and former Steelers offensive coordinator Chan Gailey
was hired to take his place. Gailey led the team to two playoff appearances with a 10-6 record in 1998 and an NFC East Division championship, but was let go after an 8-8 playoff season in 1999, becoming the first Cowboys coach who did not win a Super Bowl. In 1998, the Cowboys suffered an embarrassing 20 to 7 home loss to the division rival Arizona Cardinals. In 1999, they suffered a 27 to 10 first round loss to the Minnesota Vikings. Oddly, the last Dallas playoff win was a 40 to 15 win against Minnesota following the 1996 season. Nonetheless, the Cowboys posted more wins in the 1990s than any other NFL team.
Defensive coordinator Dave Campo
was promoted to head coach, but he could only post three consecutive 5-11 seasons. Many fans and media were beginning to blame Jerry Jones for the team's ills, noting that he refused to hire a strong coach or general manager, preferring to hire coaches who did not want to be involved with personnel duties so that Jones himself, as GM, could manage them. Jones then lured Bill Parcells
out of retirement to coach the Cowboys. The Cowboys became the surprise team of the 2003 season, posting a 10-6 record and a playoff berth by having the best overall defense in the NFL. However, during the next two seasons, the Parcells-led Cowboys missed the playoffs. The Cowboys then finished an up-and-down 2006 season with a 9-7 record and a playoff appearance, but after a last second loss in the Wild Card Game against the Seattle Seahawks
, Parcells retired and was succeeded by Wade Phillips
In his first season as head coach, Phillips and his coaching staff led the franchise to its best seasonal start ever, a conference-best 13-3 record, and the franchise's 16th NFC East championship title, the most of any team in that division. (Washington, New York and Philadelphia are tied for second with seven championships each.) 
The Cowboys were eliminated by the (eventual Super Bowl Champion) Giants in the divisional round of the playoffs, the first NFC #1 seed to so falter since the 1990
In the 2008 season the Cowboys failed to make the playoffs, losing at Philadelphia in the final regular season game which saw the Eagles reach the playoffs instead. The Cowboys were defeated 44-6 by the Eagles and finished 3rd in the NFC East with a 9-7 record.
On May 2, 2009, the Dallas Cowboys practice facility collapsed during a wind storm. The collapse left 12 Cowboys players and coaches injured. The most serious injuries were special teams coach Joe DeCamillis, who suffered fractured cervical vertebrae and had surgery to stabilize fractured vertebrae in his neck, and Rich Behm, the team's 33-year-old scouting assistant, who was permanently paralyzed from the waist down after his spine was severed.
Although the Dallas Cowboys have always been a part of the NFL since their inception, the club will participate in two of the NFL's AFL Legacy Weekend games during the 2009 season. The Cowboys will wear their 1960 alternate uniform for a match against the Kansas City Chiefs playing as the Dallas Texans. Ironically this game will be played in Kansas City instead of Dallas. The Cowboys' annual Thanksgiving Day game is also being billed as an AFL Legacy game as they are playing the Oakland Raiders who will be wearing their AFL throwbacks. Traditionally teams playing on Thanksgiving have donned throwback uniforms, although teams had begun to move away from this practice in recent years with the Cowboys choosing their regular home uniforms and the Detroit Lions selecting their black alternate jersey as opposed to throwbacks and their opponents opting to wear their normal road attire.
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Logos and uniforms
The Dallas Cowboys' blue star logo is associated with the team is one of the best known logos in sports. The blue star originally was a solid shape until a white line and blue border was added in 1964. The logo has remained the same since. Today, the blue star has been extended to not only the Dallas Cowboys, but owner Jerry Jones' AFL
team, the Dallas Desperados
that have a similar logo based on the Cowboys. The blue star also is used on other enties like an imaging facility and storage facility.
The Dallas Cowboys' white home jersey has royal blue (PMS 280 C) solid socks, numbers, lettering, and two stripes on the sleeves outlined in black. The home' pants, according to the Dallas Cowboys official media guide, are a unique metallic silver-green color (PMS 8280 C) that help bring out the blue in the uniform. The navy (PMS 289 C) road jerseys (nicknamed the "Stars and Stripes" jersey) have white lettering and numbers with navy pinstripes. A white/gray/white stripe are on each sleeve as well as the collared V-neck, and a Cowboys star logo is placed upon the stripes. A "Cowboys" chest crest is directly under the NFL shield. The away pants are a pearlish metallic-silver color (PMS 8001 C) and like the home pants, enhance the navy in the uniforms. The team uses a serifed font for the lettered player surnames on the jersey nameplates.
The team's helmets are also a unique silver with a tint of blue known as "Metallic Silver Blue" (PMS 8240 C) and have a blue/white/blue vertical stripe placed upon the center of the crown. The Cowboys are also one of the few, if not the only, team that attach blue Dymo tape with the player's name on the backside of the white portion of the blue/white/blue decal.
When the Dallas Cowboys franchise debuted in 1960, the team's uniform included a white helmet adorned with a simple blue star and a blue-white-blue stripe down the center crown. The team donned blue jerseys with white sleeves and a small blue star on each shoulder for home games and the negative opposite for away games. Their socks also had two horizontal white stripes overlapping the blue.
In 1964 through 1965, the Cowboys opted for a simpler look (and essentially the team's current uniform) by changing their jersey/socks to one solid color with three horizontal blue stripes on the sleeves. The star-shouldered jerseys were replaced with shoulder "TV" numbers. The pants and helmet were changed from white to silver and a white border was added to the blue star.
In 1966, the team narrowed the stripes to two per sleeve/sock and the following year in 1967, the white border was moved farther into the blue star and was now a white pinstripe. The logo and this version of the uniform has seen little change to the present day.
The only notable changes in the last 40 years were:
- from 1970–1973 when the "TV" numbers were moved from the shoulders to the sleeves above the stripes
- from 1981–1988 the pants featured a white uniform number in an elliptical blue circle worn near the hip.
- the removal of the indented serifs on the front and back jersey numbers in the early 1980s (seen currently on the throwback jersey)
- from 1981–1994 the dark jerseys sported numbers that were gray with white borders and a blue pinstripe. The stripes on the sleeves and socks also used the same gray with white border scheme (sans navy pinstripe).
- the 1996 addition of the word "Cowboys" in the center of the neckline which lasted until 1998 on the white jersey but currently remains on the blue jersey.
During the 1976 season, the blue-white-blue stripe on the crown of the helmets were temporarily changed to red-white-blue to commemorate the United States' bicentennial anniversary.
In 1994, the NFL celebrated their 75th Anniversary, and the Dallas Cowboys celebrated their back-to-back Super Bowl titles by unveiling a white "Double-Star" jersey on Thanksgiving Day. This jersey was used for special occasions and was worn throughout the 1994–1995 playoffs. During the same season, the Cowboys also wore their 1960–63 road jersey with a silver helmet for one game as part of a league-wide "throwback" policy.
During the 1995 season, the team wore the navy "Double-Star" jersey for games at Washington and Philadelphia and permanently switched to solid color socks (royal blue for the white uniform, and navy blue for the dark uniform). The navy "Double-Star" jersey was not seen again until the NFL's Classic Throwback Weekend
on Thanksgiving Day 2001–2003.
In 2004, the Cowboys resurrected their original 1960–1963 uniform on Thanksgiving Day. This uniform now serves as the team's alternate or "third jersey" and is usually worn at least once a year, although team has used their normal white uniforms on Thanksgiving in 2007 and 2008. The team will once again wear this uniform on Thanksgiving day in 2009 while their opponent Oakland Raiders will wear their AFL Legacy Weekend throwback. Dallas will wear this alternate uniform on the road for the first time ever as part of one of the NFL's AFL Legacy Weekends when they will travel to Kansas City to play the Chiefs who will be sporting their AFL Dallas Texan uniforms.
The Cowboys were the first NFL team to primarily wear their white jersey at home, as it was an unofficial rule that teams wear their colored jersey at home. This tradition was started in the 1960s by Tex Schramm, who wanted fans to see a variety of opponents' colors at home games. 
Since then, a number of other teams have worn their white uniforms at home, including the Washington Redskins and Miami Dolphins.
Throughout the years, the Cowboys' blue jersey has been popularly viewed to be "jinxed
" because the team often seemed to lose when they wore them. This curse purportedly became popular after the team lost Super Bowl V, when they were forced to wear their colored jersey because they were the designated home team. 
However, the roots of the curse likley date back earlier to the end of the 1968 season when the blue-shirted Cowboys were upset badly by the Cleveland Browns in the divisional playoffs. That turned out to be Don Meredith's final game as a Cowboy. To this day, Dallas never won a conference championship game or Super Bowl wearing their "road" blue jerseys. Since the 1970 NFL-AFL merger, league rules were changed to allow the Super Bowl home team to pick their choice of jersey. Most of the time, Dallas will wear their blue jersey when they visit Washington, Philadelphia, Miami, or one of the handful of other teams that traditionally wear their white jersey at home during the first half of the season due to the hot climates in their respective cities. Occasionally opposing teams will wear their white jerseys at home to try to invoke the curse, 
as when the Philadelphia Eagles
hosted the Cowboys in the 1980 NFC Championship Game
One of the more recent example of the "curse" happened in 2008 when the 1-4 St. Louis Rams chose to wear their white uniforms at home, forcing the Cowboys to wear navy uniforms. The Rams would embarrass the Cowboys with a 34-14 upset. While the rival Redskins, after wearing white exclusively in the '80s and '90s, have since 2001 sometimes reverted to using their burgundy jerseys for second-half home games, they have still worn white at home against the Cowboys in that span.
Although Dallas has made several tweaks to their blue jerseys over the years, Schramm said he did not believe in the curse. 
Since the league began allowing teams to use an alternate jersey, the Cowboys alternates have been primarily blue versions of past jerseys and the Cowboys have generally had success when wearing these blue alternates. One possible theory could be that the Cowboys themselves are choosing to wear the blue alternates as opposed to their normal blue uniforms which their opponent is forcing them to wear.
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The Cotton Bowl
is a stadium which opened in 1932 and became known as "The House That Doak Built" due to the immense crowds that former SMU running back Doak Walker drew to the stadium during his college career in the later 1940s. Originally known as Fair Park Bowl
, it is located in Fair Park, site of the State Fair in Dallas, Texas, USA. Concerts or other events using a stage allow the playing field to be used for additional spectators. The Cotton Bowl was the longtime home of the annual Cotton Bowl Classic college football bowl game, for which the stadium is named. (Beginning with the January 2010 game, the Cotton Bowl will be played at Cowboys Stadium
The Dallas Cowboys called the Cotton Bowl home for 11 years, from the team's formation in 1960 until 1971, when the Cowboys moved to Texas Stadium
. The Cotton Bowl is located in historic Fair Park
. It is the only stadium the Cowboys have called home that was within the city of Dallas' proper
. The Cowboys hosted the Green Bay Packers for the 1966 NFL championship at the Cotton Bowl.
For the majority of the franchises history, the Cowboys have played their home games at Texas Stadium. Located near the border of the city of Dallas, Texas Stadium is located in Irving, Texas
. The stadium is famous for its hole-in-the-roof dome. It was the home field of the NFL
's Dallas Cowboys, and had a seating capacity
of 65,675. The stadium opened on October 24, 1971, at a cost of $35 million. The Cowboys lost their final game at Texas Stadium to the Baltimore Ravens
, 33-24, on December 20, 2008. After Cowboys stadium was opened in 2009
, the Cowboys turned over the facility to the city of Irving. The roof at Texas Stadium, whose worn paint had become unsightly in the early 2000s, was repainted in the summer of 2006 by the City of Irving, which owns the stadium. It was the first time the famed roof was repainted since Texas Stadium opened. The roof is structurally independent from the stadium it covers.
Cowboys Stadium is a new domed stadium
with a retractable roof in Arlington, Texas
, for the National Football League's Dallas Cowboys. After failed negotiations to return the Cowboys to the Cotton Bowl, Jerry Jones along with the city of Arlington, Texas funded the stadium at a cost of $1.3 billion. The stadium is located in Tarrant County
, the first time the Cowboys will call a stadium home outside of Dallas County
. It was completed on May 29, 2009 and seats 80,000, but is expandable to seat up to 100,000. Cowboys Stadium is the largest domed stadium in the world.
A highlight of Cowboys Stadium is its gigantic center-hung high-definition television
screen, the largest in the world. The , scoreboard surpasses the screen that opened in 2009 at the renovated Kauffman Stadium
in Kansas City, Missouri
as the world's largest.   
At the debut game of Cowboys Stadium, a punt by Tennessee Titans punter A.J. Trapasso
hit the 2,100 in. screen above the field. The punt deflected backwards and was ruled in-play until Titans coach Jeff Fisher
informed the officials that the punt struck the scoreboard
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Historically, the Washington Redskins
have been the Cowboys' greatest rival. Divisional opponents in the NFC East
, Dallas and Washington have played each other twice each season since the early 1960s, fueling the rivalry. Redskins coach George Allen
enhanced the rivalry during the 1970s.
The Cowboys also have strong rivalries with the other NFC East
teams, the New York Giants
and the Philadelphia Eagles
. The competition with Philadelphia has been particularly intense since the late 1970s, when the long-moribund Eagles returned to contention. In 1981, the two teams faced off in that year's NFC Championship, with Philadelphia winning, 20-7 (The Eagles subsequently lost to the Oakland Raiders
in Super Bowl XV
). A series of other factors heightened tensions during the 1980s and 1990s, including several provocative actions by Philadelphia fans and Eagles head coach Buddy Ryan
. Among these were the 1989 "Bounty Bowl
s," in which Ryan allegedly placed a bounty on Dallas kicker Luis Zendejas
and Veterans Stadium
fans pelted the Cowboys with snowballs and other debris. (Among those fans throwing snowballs was former Philadelphia
District Attorney Ed Rendell
who would later serve as Philadelphia's mayor and is currently the governor of Pennsylvania
.) A 1999 game at Philadelphia saw Eagles fans cheering as Michael Irvin lay motionless and possibly paralyzed on the field.In 2008 the rivalry became more intense when the Philadelphia Eagles clinched a playoff spot defeating the Cowboys 44-6 (The Eagles would lose to the Arizona Cardinals
in the NFC Championship).
San Francisco 49ers
The San Francisco 49ers
have been another major Cowboy rival. Dallas has played seven postseason games against San Francisco. The Cowboys defeated the 49ers in the 1970 and 1971 NFC Championship games, and again in the 1972 Divisional Playoff Game, when Roger Staubach threw two touchdown passes with less than two minutes remaining for a 30-28 win. The 1981 NFC Championship Game in San Francisco, which saw the 49ers' Joe Montana
complete a game-winning pass to Dwight Clark
in the final minute (now known as "The Catch"
), is one of the most famous games in NFL history. San Francisco subsequently won their first of five Super Bowls
. During the 1992-1994 seasons, Dallas and San Francisco faced each other in the NFC Championship Game. Dallas won the first two match-ups, and San Francisco won the third. In each of the three seasons, the game's victor went on to win the Super Bowl.
LA/St. Louis Rams
The Los Angeles Rams
were a major rival of the Cowboys although this rivalry has cooled somewhat since the Rams moved to St. Louis
. The Cowboys and Rams have met eight or nine times in postseason games, more than any other teams in the NFL. The meetings include 2 NFC Championship games, 3 division playoff games and 2 wild card games. The Rams wore their white jerseys in certain home games when the team was in Los Angeles
, especially against the Cowboys, forcing Dallas to wear their "jinxed" blue jerseys, although since the move to St. Louis the Rams have worn their blue jerseys in most home games. The Rams did, however, make one exception and wore their white jerseys at home
in their most recent meeting in 2008, forcing the Cowboys to wear their "jinxed" blue jerseys. Dallas lost 34-14 
to a Rams team that wouldn't win another game that year and finished 2-14 (Which would be the second worst record in the NFL that year; only the historically winless Detroit Lions
were worse.), while the loss cost the Cowboys a playoff spot that season.
Green Bay Packers
The Cowboys have a lesser rivalry with the Green Bay Packers
that began in the 1960s. The two teams have faced each other in the postseason six times. Green Bay defeated Dallas in the 1966
and 1967 NFL Championship games (the latter, known as the "Ice Bowl", is another of pro football's most famous games). Dallas, in turn, defeated Green Bay in the second round of the 1982 playoffs, the 1993 and 1994 NFC Divisional Playoff games, and the 1995 NFC Championship Game. Texas Stadium is one of the few places where then Packers quarterback Brett Favre
has never won, Favre has since gone on to play for the New York Jets and currently the Minnesota Vikings; he is 0–9 at Dallas. The rivalry was renewed during the 2007 season, when both teams met in a late-season matchup. Anticipations ran high as both teams boasted 10–1 records, and battled for first place in the NFC playoff hunt. Dallas prevailed, winning 37–27, and clinched the top seed a few weeks later. Many people expected a rematch in the NFC Championship
game, and while Green Bay advanced, Dallas lost to the New York Giants in a Divisional Playoff game.
Some consider the Pittsburgh Steelers
a rival. The two teams met in the first regular season game the Cowboys ever played in 1960 (a 35–28 loss to the Steelers), the first-ever regular season victory for the expansion Cowboys in 1961, and would later meet in three Super Bowls, all of which were close. The Steelers won Super Bowl X and Super Bowl XIII; both games were decided in the final seconds. The Cowboys won Super Bowl XXX in 1996. It is said that the rivalry was fueled in the 1970s due to the stark contrasts of the teams: The Cowboys, being more of a "flashy" team with Roger Staubach's aerial attack and the "flex" defense-based Doomsday Defense
; while the Steelers were more of a "blue-collar"
team with a strong running game and the 1930s-esque Steel Curtain
defense, a contrast that still exists today. 
In addition, both teams have national fan bases rivaled by few NFL teams, and both come from areas with a strong following for football at all levels. The all-time series is currently tied 15-15.
Intrastate rivalry with Houston
The Houston Texans
(not to be confused with the team formerly known as the Houston Oilers
) were considered by some to be rivals of the Cowboys because of the in-state affiliation. Almost every year since 1967, the Cowboys have played their downstate rival during preseason play for "bragging rights" and the Governor's Cup trophy
, but beyond that, no real rivalry has yet developed.
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Players of note
- 5 Brooks Bollinger
- 14 Brad Johnson
- 9 Tony Romo
- 34 Deon Anderson FB
- 24 Marion Barber
- 23 Tashard Choice
- 30 Alonzo Coleman
- 19 Miles Austin KR
- 84 Patrick Crayton PR
- 81 Terrell Owens
- 86 Isaiah Stanback
- 11 Roy E. Williams
- 80 Martellus Bennett
- 89 Tony Curtis
- 82 Jason Witten
- 76 Flozell Adams T
- 67 Joe Berger G/C
- 75 Marc Colombo T
- 70 Leonard Davis G
- 68 Doug Free T
- 65 Andre Gurode C
- 64 Montrae Holland G
- 77 Pat McQuistan T
- 71 Cory Procter G/C
- 72 Stephen Bowen DE
- 99 Chris Canty DE
- 97 Jason Hatcher DE
- 95 Tank Johnson NT
- 90 Jay Ratliff NT
- 96 Marcus Spears DE
- 57 Kevin Burnett ILB
- 54 Bobby Carpenter ILB
- 98 Greg Ellis OLB
- 56 Bradie James ILB
- 53 Steve Octavien
- 52 Carlos Polk OLB
- 50 Justin Rogers OLB/ILB
- 93 Anthony Spencer OLB
- 55 Zach Thomas ILB
- 94 DeMarcus Ware OLB
- 20 Alan Ball CB
- 35 Tra Battle SS
- 27 Courtney Brown FS
- 29 Keith Davis SS
- 26 Ken Hamlin FS
- 42 Anthony Henry CB
- 31 Mike Jenkins
- 21 Adam Jones CB/KR/PR
- 41 Terence Newman CB
- 32 Orlando Scandrick
- 6 Nick Folk K
- 91 L. P. Ladouceur LS
- 2 Sam Paulescu P
|| Reserve Lists
- 17 Sam Hurd WR (IR)
- 28 Felix Jones
- 63 Kyle Kosier G (IR)
- 1 Mat McBriar P (IR)
- 25 Pat Watkins SS (IR)
- 38 Roy L. Williams SS (IR)
Rookies in italics
- 18 Danny Amendola
- 39 Julius Crosslin
- 92 Marcus Dixon
- 62 Ryan Gibbons G/T
- 44 Rodney Hannah TE
- 43 Marcus Thomas
- 87 Paris Warren WR
- 83 Travis Wilson WR
53 Active, 6 Inactive, 8 PS
→ More rosters
Pro Football Hall of Famers
- Troy Aikman Class of 2006 (QB 1989–2000)
- Tony Dorsett Class of 1994 (RB 1977–87)
- Michael Irvin Class of 2007 (WR 1988–1999)
- Tom Landry Class of 1990 (Head Coach 1960–88)
- Bob Lilly Class of 1980 (DT 1961–74)
- Mel Renfro Class of 1996 (S/CB 1964–77)
- Tex Schramm Class of 1991 (Pres/GM 1960–89)
- Roger Staubach Class of 1985 (QB 1969–79)
- Randy White Class of 1994 (DT 1975–88)
- Rayfield Wright Class of 2006 (OT 1967–1979)
- Bob Hayes Class of 2009 (WR 1965–1975)
Super Bowl MVPs
Although the Cowboys are tied with the 49ers for the second most Super Bowl victories (Steelers have 6), Dallas actually holds the record for the most Super Bowl games played (8) and the most Super Bowl MVPs with 7:
# Linebacker Chuck Howley - Super Bowl V
- Howley was named the MVP for Super Bowl V despite the Cowboys' loss to the Baltimore Colts. He is the only member of a losing team to win the award. In recording two interceptions and a fumble recovery during the game, Howley was the first defensive player to win the honor.
# Quarterback Roger Staubach - Super Bowl VI
- Staubach became the fifth quarterback overall to be awarded the MVP trophy after Dallas' win over the Miami Dolphins. He completed 12 out of 19 passes for , threw 2 touchdown passes, and rushed 5 times for .
# (Tie) Defensive tackle Randy White and defensive end Harvey Martin - Super Bowl XII
- Super Bowl XII marked the first time that two players won MVP honors. White and Martin, who helped the Cowboys defeat the Denver Broncos, became the first defensive linemen to win the award.
# See #3
# Quarterback Troy Aikman - Super Bowl XXVII
- Aikman became the second Cowboys quarterback to earn the MVP honor as he led the Cowboys to victory against the Buffalo Bills. He completed 22 of 30 passes for and 4 touchdowns, while also rushing for .
# Running back Emmitt Smith - Super Bowl XXVIII
- Smith's 30 carries for , 4 receptions for , and two touchdowns led Dallas to a victory over the Buffalo Bills. In that same year, Smith became the first player to win the Super Bowl, the NFL rushing title (i.e. lead the league in rushing), the NFL Most Valuable Player Award
, and the Super Bowl MVP all in one season.
# Cornerback Larry Brown - Super Bowl XXX
- Brown became the first cornerback to be named Super Bowl MVP, recording two interceptions for a total of 77 return yards. The Cowboys sealed the victory over the Pittsburgh Steelers by converting both of Brown's interceptions into touchdowns.
Ring of Honor
Unlike many NFL teams, the Cowboys do not retire jersey numbers of past standouts as a matter of policy. Instead, the team has a "Ring of Honor"
, which is on permanent display encircling the field at Texas Stadium in Irving. The first inductee was Bob Lilly in 1975 and by 2005, the ring contained 17 names, all former Dallas players except for one head coach and one general manager/president. Although the team does not officially retire jersey numbers, some are kept "unofficially inactive", so it is uncommon to find any current players wearing the number of one of the "Ring of Honor"
inductees. For instance, the jersey numbers of inductees Aikman (8), Staubach (12), Hayes and Smith (22), Irvin (88), and Lilly (74) were not worn during the 2008 season.
The Ring of Honor has been a source of controversy over the years. Tex Schramm was believed to be a "one-man committee" in choosing inductees and many former Cowboys players and fans felt that Schramm deliberately excluded linebacker Lee Roy Jordan because of a bitter contract dispute the two had during Jordan's playing days. When Jerry Jones bought the team he inherited Schramm's Ring of Honor "power" and immediately inducted Jordan.
Jones also had controversy. For four years he was unsuccessful in convincing Tom Landry to accept induction. Meanwhile, he refused to induct Tex Schramm (even after Schramm's induction to the Pro Football Hall of Fame). In 1993, thanks in part to the efforts of Roger Staubach as an intermediary, Landry accepted induction and had a ceremony on the day of that year's Cowboys-Giants game (Landry had played and coached for the Giants). In 2003, Jones finally chose to induct Tex Schramm. Schramm and Jones held a joint press conference at Texas Stadium announcing the induction. Unfortunately, Schramm did not live to see his ceremonial induction at the Cowboys-Eagles game that fall.
The most recent inductees were Troy Aikman, all-time NFL leading rusher Emmitt Smith, and Michael Irvin, known as "The Triplets". The Cowboys waited until Smith had retired as a player before inducting Aikman and Irvin, so all three could be inducted together, which occurred during halftime at a Monday Night Football home game against the arch-rival Washington Redskins on September 19, 2005.
All-time first-round draft picks
Head coaches and staff
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|| Front Office
- Owner/President/General Manager - Jerry Jones
- Executive Vice President/COO - Stephen Jones
- Director of College and Pro Scouting - Tom Ciskowski
- Assistant Director of Pro Scouting - Judd Garrett
- Head Coach - Wade Phillips
- Assistant Head Coach/Offensive Coordinator - Jason Garrett
- Quarterbacks - Wade Wilson
- Running Backs - Skip Peete
- Wide Receivers - Ray Sherman
- Tight Ends - John Garrett
- Offensive Line - Hudson Houck
- Offensive Assistant/Quality Control - Wesley Phillips
Special Teams Coaches
- Defensive Coordinator - Brian Stewart
- Defensive Line - Todd Grantham
- Linebackers - Reggie Herring
- Assistant Linebackers/Defensive Quality Control - Dat Nguyen
- Secondary - Dave Campo
- Secondary - Brett Maxie
Strength and Conditioning
- Special Teams - Bruce Read
- Strength and Conditioning - Joe Juraszek
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Radio and television
As of 2007, the Cowboys' flagship radio stations were KDBN-FM
(93.3 The Bone) and KTCK
(1310 The Ticket). Both are owned by Cumulus Media
. Brad Sham
returns as the team's longtime play-by-play voice. Working alongside him in 2007 is former Cowboy quarterback Babe Laufenberg
, who returns after a one-year absence to replace former safety Charlie Waters. The Cowboys, who retain rights to all announcers, chose not to renew Laufenberg's contract in 2006 and brought in Waters. However, Laufenberg did work as the analyst on the "Blue Star Network," which televises Cowboys preseason games not shown on national networks. The anchor station is KTVT
, the CBS
owned and operated station in Dallas. Previous stations which aired Cowboys games included KVIL-FM
, and KLUV-FM
. Kristi Scales is the sideline reporter on the radio broadcasts.
During his tenure as Cowboys coach, Tom Landry co-hosted his own coach's show with late veteran sportscaster Frank Glieber
and later with Brad Sham. Landry's show was famous for his analysis of raw game footage and for he and his co-host making their NFL "predictions" at the end of each show. Glieber is one of the original voices of the Cowboys Radio Network, along with Bill Mercer
, famous for calling the Ice Bowl
of 1967 and both Super Bowl V and VI. Mercer is perhaps best known as the ringside commentator of World Class Championship Wrestling
in the 1980s. Upon Mercer's departure, Verne Lundquist
joined the network, and became their play-by-play announcer by 1977, serving eight years in that capacity before handing those chores permanently over to Brad Sham, who joined the network in 1977 as the color analyst and occasional fill-in for Lundquist.
sports anchor Dale Hansen
was the Cowboys color analyst with Brad Sham as the play-by-play announcer from 1985-1996.
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